Child labour in Azara
AZARA, (Guwahati) 23 August ? Children working in brick factories, tea stalls, dhabas, and garages as domestic helpers is a common sight in Azara area. They are forced do these low income generating activities to support their families which are below the poverty line and need every hand to eke out a living.
?Children are forced to work because they do not have parents, others have to work because they need to support their family, and lack of awareness of the need of sending children to school,? say adults who employ children in the Azara area and in the garage and tea stall.
?Children are the future of tomorrow they should be given proper care and protection as well as education,? said Abbas who is a shopkeeper in Azara area.
Realizing the harm caused by child labour, the Indian Government made laws to protect children from exploitation at work and to improve their working condition. Following are some of the laws prohibiting and protecting children below 18 years. Section 12 of India's Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986 requires prominent display of 'child labour is prohibited' signs in many industries and construction sites in local language and English.
The Factories Act of 1948 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory.
The Mines Act of 1952 further prohibits the employment of children below 18 years of age in a mine.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act of 2009 mandates free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years.
According to International Labour Organization children or adolescents who participate in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, is not child labour; rather it may generally be regarded as being something positive.